Crowding is cause by the teeth not having enough room. This can be due to several reasons, including large teeth, small jaws, constricted/narrow jaws, and various combinations of the above. Crowding can make it difficult to keep your teeth and gums clean.
Spacing is caused by small teeth, large jaws, and/or missing teeth.
When the top and bottom teeth do not overlap it is called an openbite. This type of bite can impact chewing and may cause a number of unwanted habits, such as tongue thrusting.
Deep bites are caused by the top and bottom teeth overlapping too much, sometimes causing the bottom teeth to bite into the roof of the mouth.
When patients have missing teeth it can lead to excessive spacing and affect how the bite aligns. Orthodontics can be used to either create the correct amount of space for a permanent replacement or close the spaces where teeth are missing, preventing the need for replacements such as implants or bridges.
Underbites are caused by the lower jaw and/or teeth being too far forward, the upper jaw and/or teeth being too far back, or a combination of both. This type of problem can affect chewing and the long term health of your teeth and bite.
Protruding Front Teeth
Protruding front teeth can be caused by the front teeth and/or jaw extending too far forward, the lower teeth and/or jaw not extending far enough forward, or a combination of the these. This type of bite can also be caused by habits such as thumb sucking and lip sucking/biting.